Glaucoma is irreversible. Treatment and regular eyedrops, on the other hand, can reduce the progression and prevent vision loss.
Glaucoma management is personalised for each individual and is determined by the type of glaucoma, severity, and response to treatment.
Glaucoma is treated by reducing the pressure in the eyes. Depending on the kind and severity of the glaucoma, treatment options may include prescription eyedrops, oral medicines, laser therapy, or surgery.
Prescription eyedrops are frequently used to treat glaucoma. The eyedrops help to reduce eye pressure by boosting drainage or decreasing the amount of fluid produced by the eye. More than one eyedrop may be administered to reduce eye pressure depending on the individual’s response to the medication.
Some individuals may have side effects and need to switch eyedrops. If medicinal therapy fails to work or has serious negative effects, surgery may be recommended.
Certain types of glaucoma, notably angle-closure glaucoma, may benefit from this. In this situation, lasers are used to create a small opening in the coloured area of the eye (iris) to allow fluid to exit. It is a simple out-patient treatment that takes only a few minutes to complete. As a preventive measure, this may also be done for the unnaffected eye.
When medicine fails to control the glaucoma in those with advanced glaucoma, surgical therapy may be required. Traditional glaucoma surgery often takes the form of a trabeculectomy, in which a bypass channel is built to allow fluid to exit the eye, lowering internal eye pressure. An external tube implant may be performed in those who have had previous failed trabeculectomies or who have complex glaucoma problems. These are large-scale undertakings with significant risks. As a result, these are often reserved for with uncontrolled glaucoma.
MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY
There are now surgical therapies for glaucoma which have been developed to help those with mild to moderate glaucoma control their eye pressure. Because of the risks involved with normal glaucoma surgery, the minimally invasive glaucoma system is a promising surgical option.
When compared to traditional surgery, these techniques are less intrusive, have a higher safety profile with fewer problems, and have a faster recovery time. However, there is a trade-off in the extent of pressure lowering impact with increased safety, which is why these are designated for individuals with mild to moderate glaucoma and are not suited for those with severe glaucoma.
Simple self-care practices can help to prevent or reduce the progression of glaucoma.
- Eye screening or regular monitoring: regular comprehensive eye examinations can help detect glaucoma early. It is recommended that adults over the age of 45 have their eyes checked so that disorders can be diagnosed.
- Use eyedrops as advised on a regular basis: medication is used to treat the majority of glaucoma sufferers. The risk of increasing nerve damage is considerably minimised with glaucoma eyedrops.
EARLY DETECTION GIVES YOU BETTER TREATMENT OPTIONS
Glaucoma develops gradually. During the early stages of the disease, most people have only minor symptoms; they are only aware of the illness in its advanced stages. Glaucoma eye screening is extremely beneficial in detecting the condition early and initiating the best possible available treatment.